Once it was unique, fascinating and only for the very few and privileged. Now it is all around us and most of the time we don’t even know it is there. This is the story of most new technological breakthroughs. If you think of the television then not too long ago that was for the very few and rich people. Soon more and more people wanted it and the prices went down but next came the color television. The story goes on and on…
The fiber optic technology has been through the same evolution. Once it was the exclusive wonder of the laser labs and scientists and most people didn’t even know it existed. Today it can be found in everything from children’s toys to fiber optic pool lights to name a few.
Even though it might sound a bit odd it was due to errors in the materials. Simply by having flaws in the produced fiber optic cables the public came to know to fiber optics.
The first and foremost reason for the development in the fiber optic technology was the need for fast transmission of digital data. This data consists of intermittent on and off bursts, making it quite fragile. A line can only hold the amount of data that the rapidity of the switching can endure. This is also the determining factor of its purity and that is why constant testing is vital to the outcome. Only by doing a massive amount of testing the best fibers can be found and that are the fibers that can be used for data transmission.
That is the reason that every single string of fiber optic cable is tested many times for data transfer quality before being bundled into the final fiber optic cord. Many strings do not pass the tests and therefore there is a significant amount of “waste” produced in the form of discarded fibers. Instead of just throwing these fibers out because they can’t transfer high quality data signals they can still transmit light waves just fine.